Enshrined Deities
Heads of the Shimadzu clan and their family members

Enshrined Deities

The heads of each generation of the Shimadzu family are enshrined here along with their family members. 

Shinto rites are still performed here today by members of the Shimadzu family to pay respects to their ancestors and pray for the prosperity and wellbeing of the people of Kagoshima. 


Historical Heads of the Shimadzu Clan

After being granted control of a land holding called Shimadzu in Southern Kyushu by Minamoto no Yoritomo, Koremune Tadahisa took the name Shimadzu and became the protector of the three domains of Satsuma, Osumi, and Hyuga.

His descendants, the Shimadzu clan, watched over the land and people of Kagoshima for over 700 years from the Kamakura period (1185-1333) until the end of the Edo period (1603-1868).

1179-1227 1st Generation
1202-1272 2nd Generation
1225-1284 3rd Generation
1251-1325 4th Generation
1269-1363 5th Generation
1325-1375 6th Generation (1)
1328-1397 6th Generation (2)
1347-1407 7th Generation (1)
1363-1411 7th Generation (2)
1375-1425 8th Generation
1403-1470 9th Generation
1432-1474 10th Generation
1463-1508 11th Generation
1489-1515 12th Generation
1497-1519 13th Generation
1503-1573 14th Generation
1514-1571 15th Generation
1533-1611 16th Generation
1535-1619 17th Generation
1576-1638 18th Generation
1616-1694 19th Generation
1650-1704 20th Generation
1675-1747 21st Generation
1701-1760 22nd Generation
1728-1749 23rd Generation
1729-1755 24th Generation
1745-1833 25th Generation
1773-1841 26th Generation
1791-1859 27th Generation
1809-1858 28th Generation
1840-1896 29th Generation
1886-1968 30th Generation
1912-1996 31st Generation

Princess Kameju

Artwork: Nagano Tsuyoshi / Shoko Shuseikan Collection

Alongside brave warriors and inspirational leaders, the beautiful and sagacious Princess Kameju is also venerated here. Born as daughter of the 16th head of the Shimadzu family, Yoshihisa in 1571, Kameju was said to be very kind and was much loved by the people of Kagoshima. 

When Kameju died she took the name Buddhist name Jimyo-in, and even today is affectionately referred to as Jime-saa by the people of Kagoshima. It is said that visitors to Tsurugane Shrine will be blessed with her beauty, and each year a ceremony called Jimyo-sai is held where women gather to pray for health and beauty.


Secondary Deities

Five Senior Retainers

Five senior retainers who served the Shimadzu clan are enshrined here along with their lord. 

Forty-five Retainers Who Committed Junshi

Forty five retainers who committed ritual suicide on the death of their lord are enshrined here among the heads of the Shimadzu clan. This practice, called junshi, was common until the end of the Sengoku period. Samurai were often ordered to refrain from committing junshi, but insisted on doing so when their lord passed away, showing their utter commitment to service of their lord.